Your immune system is responsible for defending your body against bacteria and viruses. In some cases, your immune system will defend substances that do not normally pose a threat to the human body. These substances are known as allergens, and when your body reacts with them, they cause an allergic reaction.
You can sniff out allergens that cause a reaction, eat, and touch it. Doctors can also use allergens to diagnose allergies, and even inject them into your body as a form of treatment.
The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI) reported that up to 50 million people in the United States suffer from a type of allergic disease.
What causes allergies?
Doctors do not know why people experience allergies. Allergy appears to operate in families and can be inherited. If you have a close family member who is allergic, you are more likely to have allergies.
Although the causes of the development of allergies are unknown, there are some substances that usually cause allergies. People with allergies usually have an allergy to one or more of the following:
Bee stings or bites from other insects
Some foods, including nuts or oysters
Some medications, such as penicillin or aspirin
Pollen or molds
What are the symptoms of allergic reaction?
Symptoms of allergic reaction can vary from mild to severe. If you become susceptible to allergens for the first time, symptoms may be mild. These symptoms may worsen if you become allergic to them.
Symptoms of mild allergic reaction can include:
Bees (red spots itchy on the skin)
Nasal congestion (commonly known as rhinitis)
Watery eyes or itching
Severe allergies can cause the following symptoms:
Abdominal cramping or pain
Pain or tightness in the chest
Fear or anxiety
Nausea or vomiting
Swelling in the face, eyes or tongue
Acute and sudden allergic reactions may develop within seconds after exposure to allergens. This type of reaction is known as hypersensitivity and leads to life threatening symptoms, including bronchial swelling, inability to breathe, and a sharp drop in blood pressure.
If you experience this type of allergies, ask for urgent emergency assistance. Without treatment, this condition can lead to death within 15 minutes.
How is allergies diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose allergies. If you experience allergic symptoms, your doctor will check your health history. If your allergic reactions are severe, your doctor may ask you to keep a journal detailing your symptoms and the substances that cause them.
Your doctor may want to ask for tests to determine your allergens. The most common types of allergic tests are:
Challenge tests (type of elimination)
he skin and monitoring the reaction. The substance may be recorded on the skin (spot test), or applied through a small prick on the skin (tingling test of the skin), or injected directly under the skin (intracranial test).
The skin test is the most valuable to diagnose:
Food allergies (such as oysters or peanuts)
Mold, pollen, allergies and animal fur
Sensitivity of penicillin
Poison sensitivity (such as mosquito bites or bee stings)
Allergic contact dermatitis (skin rash obtained from touching the substance)
The challenge test is useful in diagnosing food allergies. It involves removing food from your diet for several weeks and observing the symptoms when eating again.
The blood test for allergies tests your blood for antibodies against potential allergens. An antibody is a protein produced by the body to fight harmful substances. Blood tests are an option when the skin test is not useful or possible.
How is allergic treatment treated?
If you have an allergic reaction and do not know why, you may need to see your doctor to determine the cause of your allergies. If you have symptoms of allergies and a known experience, you may not need to seek medical care if symptoms are mild.
In most cases, non-prescription antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (benadril), can be effective in controlling light allergic reactions.
If you or someone you know is suffering from a severe allergic reaction, you should seek emergency medical care. Check to see if the person is breathing, call 911, and CPR if necessary.
People with known allergies often have emergency medications, such as the EpiPen injector. Epinephrine is a “salvage drug” because it opens the airways and increases blood pressure. A person may need to help you manage the medication. If a person is unconscious, you should:
Place them flat on their backs.
Lift their legs.
Cover it with a blanket.
This will help prevent shock.
What are the long-term prospects?
If you have a known sensitivity, allergy prevention will improve your outlook. You can prevent these reactions by avoiding allergens that affect you. If you have serious allergic reactions, you should always carry EpiPen and inject yourself in the event of symptoms.
Your look also depends on your sensitivity. If you have a mild reaction of allergy and treatment requests, you will have a good chance of healing. However, the symptoms may recur if the allergen is touched again.
If you have a severe allergic reaction, your outlook depends on receiving emergency emergency care. Hypersensitivity can lead to death. Urgent medical care is necessary to improve your results.
How can you prevent allergies?
Once you determine your sensitivity, you can:
Look for medical care if you are allergic.
Take the medicine to treat allergy.
You may not be able to avoid the allergic reaction altogether, but these steps can help you prevent future allergic reactions.