Anxiety And Depression A State Of Mind
Anxiety and depression Anxiety seems as empowering force that leads a person to the mindset where he finds all the extraneous factors as threatening, harmful and injurious for him. Anxiety is merely as response to the stressors or irrational believe. It is an apprehensive feature of mind that can be about abstract or factual constructs of the nature.
Human beings, being earthly bipeds remain in the doorway of stressors that keep on triggering anxiety and an individual with constant bombardment of anxiety provoking stimulus clutched in to a chain of static anxiety. Constant state of anxiety can be a cause of upheaval in biology, psychology, social dimensions and spirituality of an individual.
A cursory glance upon organizational behavior of individuals reveals that those that remain anxious failed to be included in preference lists of their bosses, to increase the numbers of their sales and to promote their profile as successful individual.
While some researches claim that anxiety and anxious thoughts have relation to personality traits such as it seems to be over thinking and exaggeration of minor chores to havocs that can cause anxiety. Rigid personality and resistance to change is also co-relational with anxiety provoking. In some cases, extreme imagination can also leads to anxiety or irrational thought patterns.
Anxiety is taken as healthy emotion too because in some scenario positive anxiety leads to positive outcomes. As in case of exam, anxiety leady a person to work hard and preplan.
Is not it Anxiety?
Anxiety is an amalgamation of all such referred behaviors
- Unchallengeable worries
- Difficulties to concentrate
- Sleep difficulties, prominently insomnia and hypersomnia
- Increased heartbeat
- Rapid breading
- Sweating, shivering or numbness
- Dry mouth
- Tense muscles
- Disturbance in bowl moment
- Poor functioning
- Social isolation
- Suicidal ideation
- Substance abuse
- Poor quality of life
Mechanism of Anxiety
An activity of sympathetic nervous system of autonomic nervous system where all the parts of brain including medulla and spinal cord secrete hormone and bodily changes occur such as
- Dilation of pupil
- Contraction of blood vessels
- Shaking of body
- Increased heart beat
There a person get ready for fight and flight response.
Anxiety and depression
Is it a Disorder or Disease?
Anxiety is a disorder not a disease. American Psychological Association (APA) describes anxiety as a disorder with mild to severe level of severity and can be manageable with therapeutic interventions while further classification of different types of anxieties are based on their division in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual fifth version (DSM-5).
Causes of Anxiety
- Social withdrawal
- Over activity of neurons in certain paths of brain
- Imbalance of noradrenalin and serotonin hormones
- personality traits
Types of Anxiety
- Separation Anxiety Disorder
It is most commonly find in children but it can be in adolescents and adults too. In separation anxiety disorder, a child faces recurrent thoughts of separation from his or her attachment figures and starts fearing about going out of home.
Such fear or anxiety if remains persistent in children for 4 weeks than it can only included in separation anxiety.
It is a persistent fear to speak in certain situations despite of normal outcomes in other scenarios while there is no obvious reason of mutism.
Mostly it is observable in school going children but according to the criteria of DSM-5, at least presence of such features for 1 month is necessary to refer it.
Phobia about any certain situation, place or object such as
- Acrophobia. Fear of height
- Algophobia. Fear of Pain
- Autophobia. Fear of being left alone
- Botanophobia. Fear of plants
- Cynophobia. Fear of dogs
- Gamophobia. Fear of marriage
- Herpetophobia. Fear of reptiles
It claims to be special phobia if it should be persistent for 6 months
Anxiety and depression
Social Anxiety Disorder
Fear of being humiliate or insulted in social gatherings and excessive avoidance of public. This typically remains often for more than six months according to DSM-5 criteria.
It is a feeling of anxiety and fear in situations where it seems difficult to escape as well as expression of extreme anxious expressions. Such as using public transports or crowded places, to be in elevator etc. while these symptoms should be present for more than 6 months as referred in DSM-5.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder an uncontrollable and persistent worry about the happening of something unwanted. To declare GAD, persistent anxiety should be for 6 months.
Obsessions and Compulsions
Repetitive anxiety provoking thoughts and distress are the obsessions while to show certain expressive or responsive behavior regarding obsessions are compulsions. For example, a sense of being contaminated with germs is the obsessions and repetitive hand washing in response to those obsessions is compulsive behavior.
It is characterized by obsessive pulling of bodily hair such as eyebrow, scalp or eyelashes etc.
Women are more Pone
American Psychological Association (APA) reveals based on several researches that women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
As a universal truth claims, “Prevention is better than cure”. Thus, preventative measures should be kept in mind and unhealthy behaviors should be quit such as
- Stay active
- Home remedies
To maintain anti-anxiety immunity, healthy life style it is necessary. Diet should be proper and those ingredients are better to utilize that enhance physical health because only sound body produces sound ideas.
- Meditation or Yoga
- Maintain circadian rhythms
In this regard, home remedies described above can be helpful to avoid anxious temperament and to avoid anxiety provoking scenarios.
Supports groups are the collaborative approach where more than one people interact and share their useful services for each others for the sake of maintaining the existing bound with the amalgamation of sympathetic and empathetic notions.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ( CBT)
CBT is an approach were certain efforts are given for changing problematic behavior by the behavior modification and alteration in problematic thinking pattern by highlighting the cognitive distortions or core believes.
There are several behavioral and cognition changes techniques are employed under the vast subject of psychological interventions such as,
- Systematic DesensitizationFloodingThought Bloon
- Prolonged Exposure Therapy ( PE)
Where a person with anxious behavior is exposed to the anxiety provoking scenario for long span of time in order to find novelty in his experience and making him use to it but it is a process that demands unchallengeable skills in this domain and it provides appreciating results especially in case of agora phobia.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy ( DBT)
It is an evidence based approach where evidences for the anxious behavior are demanded and the person have to argue in this regard where the point reached when the resultant anxious behavior in provoked anxiety is challenged and shuffled with an appropriate behavior.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy ( ACT)
It is a traditional approach, which believed on action principle. In this effort let an anxious person accept his or her problem, let him think about it, let him find out the way to sought it out and to make a commitment statement with oneself to be followed for the sake of alteration of problematic behavior.
It is a kind of communication with the support groups especially family of a person to report and comprehend the worry of beloved members and try to cooperate with it in a scheduled manner with the help of a therapist or a counselor.
It is about to reach the maximum potential of a person in helping clarification of apprehension of any scenario and to enhance coping skills. It is actually an effort to empower an individual to ensure his best.
Medication can also provide temporary solace especially in case of generalized anxiety while it can be long lasting helpful as in case of beta-blockers, which block the pathway of excessive epinephrine hormone and maintain normal brain activity.
- Anti-anxiety medication
- Beta Blockers
- Managing Symptoms
Symptoms of stress and worry that causes anxiety should be managed with the following tactics,
- Stress Management
- Identification of Triggers
- Recognize Distortions
- Learn coping skills
To cut the matter short anxiety is the most prevalent and less intensively harmful disorder. It is a distorted thinking pattern that can be learned unlearned or managed with a little effort. Thus, a positive energy is needed to defeat the anxieties and worries, which can be got from positive, and healthy lifestyle and one should ensure active and healthy lifestyle for the better life.